Putting greens as with other areas of design, should be designed from the point of view of form follows function. In other words, plan the requirements of the green to accommodate your short game before creating the finer details of the practice green. Contours on the putting surface can include curves, breaks, rolls, decks and side ridges. Placement, width, length, height and slopes will influence the putting challenge and playability of putting on the green and the level of maintaining the surface thereafter. The total size of the Putting green depends on several key factors, including Verge and fairway size, shape and incline of contours, length of shots, placement of typical hazards and best maintenance practices. The shape of putting greens can be manipulated to fit in naturally with gardens features such as trees, patios and water features, create variety in the length and direction of approach shots, decrease costs by conforming to the garden landscape.
Surrounds within the green complex can be composed of sand bunkers, ponds, specimen trees, mounds, depressions and other forms of challenging or aesthetic features. Difficult playing conditions around the green can place a premium on the approach to the putting surface and add greatly to the beauty of the garden design. If the design of the green is large or small, effective drainage must be installed. This is accomplished with suitable surface slopes and corrigated pipes underground. The entire subsurface and surface of the putting green must drain fully. In addition, excess water from the surrounds must be able to escape the area and not flow onto the putting surface. Location of the green is important for design, playability, and maintenance. When the complex is elevated above the fairway, the green surface and back portions of the surrounds are limited in visibility. Complexes on sites below the fairway permit more flexibility in design. Interesting or dramatic backgrounds add greatly to the enjoyment of playing approach shots. Maintenance of putting greens is enhanced when sites are chosen that are well drained, located in garden where they have unobstructed sun exposure. The rejection and reception of approach shots to the green are dependent on the size, shape, contours and firmness of the putting surface. Punchbowl greens sloped towards the front will be more receptive than crowned surfaces shaped towards outer edges of the green. In this regard, the difficulty of a hole can be directly influenced by the design of the green. Construction of top putting greens must be true to the designs intent and follow strict specifications to ensure conditions are conducive to a truputt.
Lighting of Green is an integral part of a successful Green Design in Ireland. Due to low winter light and shorter evenings for half of the year a professional lighting plan will double your practice hours in the garden.
Maintenance practices are integral to the design of putting surfaces and green complexes. Accommodation must be made for topdressing of silica sand and spraying. Size of equipment, turning radii and stability are important to determine slopes and hazard locations. The choice of base materials and grasses has a lasting influence on the appearance, playing quality of Green.
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